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From Quarry to Cemetery Monuments

References & Resources

  • 1889 Vermont Marble Company Price List: Rutland, Sutherland Falls, & Dark Marble, Proctor, Vermont, 415 pp. (cemetery stones, monuments, and accessories) Due to the size of this book, I have broken the book into 4 sections in PDF. You can click on the thumbnail image of the “Index” page below to find the section of the book you wish to view, and then you can click on one of the following PDF links to view that section — Part 1. Title page through pp. 99 (about 14 MB) — Part 2. pp. 100-199 (about 14 MB) — Part 3. pp. 200-299 (about 14 MB) — Part 4. pp. 300-415 (17+ MB). Peggy B. Perazzo
    1889 Vermont Marble Company Price List: Rutland, Sutherland Falls, & Dark Marble, Proctor, Vermont title page 1889 Vermont Marble Company Price List: Rutland, Sutherland Falls, & Dark Marble, Proctor, Vermont Index

    Title Page

    Index / Contents

  • A Monument Speaks, by Irene Dindo Podskainy, Adams Granite Co., P.O. Box 126, Lewis Street, Barre, Vermont, 1961. (Today the Adams Granite Co. is known as Adams North Barre Granite.)
  • Aggregate Stone, on Wikipedia.
  • Alphabetical List of California Stone Carvers section of the “Historical California Cemetery Stone & Monument Carvers & Dealers Historical Research” on this Stone Quarries and Beyond web site.
  • American Cemeteries are Pagan − Impressions of a Foreign Visitor,” in The Monumental News, Vol. 7, No. 6, June 1895, pp. 366-368.
  • “Cross in Memory of Stephen Clare.” (1895) “The Maude Cross.” (1895) “Cross in Memory of John A. Smith.” (1895)

    “Cross in Memory of Stephen Clare.” (1895)

    “The Maude Cross.” (1895)

    “Cross in Memory of John A. Smith.” (1895)

  • American Stone Trade Magazine, published by American Stone Trade Company, Chicago, Illinois.  (Available on Google Books)
  • “Antietam Memorials” Brochure, Pangborn Corporation, Hagerstown, Maryland.
  • The Association For Gravestone Studies
  • Association For Gravestone Studies Archives (From the web site: “The AGS Archives contains collections donated primarily by members, and includes books, research papers, photographs, postcards, articles, and other gravestone related materials.  In April 2009, the AGS Board voted to transfer our Archives to the Department of Special Collections, University of Massachusetts , Amherst ….”
  • “‘Back in the Olden Days’ A Stone Cutter and His Trade,” by Charlote Cole, Manuscript student paper, 1979, Regional Studies Center at Lyon College, Batesville, Arkansas.  [Note: a transcription of Cole’s taped interview with P.E. Stone, tombstone carver, is also available. The       paper includes Cole’s drawings of Stone’s carving tools, a copy of a Pfeiffer Stone Company, Batesville, Ark. pamphlet titled “Crystalline Oolitic Marble ‘Arkansas White’” and excerpts from the Padgett Marble Company, Knoxville, Tennessee, Catalog No. 26, 1930.]
  • Bell Marble Works Quarry Photographic Tour (located on the Marble Quarry RV grounds – open to the public)
  • Benicia Arsenal Photographic Tour
  • Berkeley Granite Company, Elberton, Georgia – Wholesale Price List, Berkeley Blue Memorials, 1952 Design Series (cemetery stone and mausoleum catalog)
  • Front cover of Wholesale Price List, Berkeley Blue Memorials, Berkeley Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia First page of Wholesale Price List, Berkeley Blue Memorials, Berkeley Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia One of the pages in the Wholesale Price List, Berkeley Blue Memorials, Berkeley Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia

    Front cover of Wholesale Price List, Berkeley Blue Memorials, Berkeley Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia

    First page of Wholesale Price List, Berkeley Blue Memorials, Berkeley Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia

    One of the pages in the Wholesale Price List, Berkeley Blue Memorials, Berkeley Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia

  • Book of Epitaphs (circa 1890s) (pdf) - Provided by Office of S. B. Sargent, Manufacturer of & Dealer in All Kinds of Marble & Granite Work, Tilton, New Hampshire  (The title and date of publication are unknown, although the S.B. Sargent company is listed in an 1893 publication.  The last half of the booklet is in German.)
  • Brunner and Lay Tool Catalog - Brunner & Lay, Manufacturers of Marble, Stone, Granite and Bricklayers’ Tools, Stone Jacks, Derricks, and Contractors’ Supplies, 570 West Polk Street, Corner Jefferson and Polk Streets, Chicago, Illinois. (No date of publication)
  • The Building Stone and Aggregate Industry of the San Francisco Bay Counties,” by Mort D. Turner, in Geologic Guidebook of the San Francisco Bay Counties, Bulletin 154, State of California Dept. of Natural Resources, Division of Mines, San Francisco, pp. 235-238.
  • California Historic Cemetery Alliance: Protecting, Restoring, Educating, Preserving (CHCA), Dr. Bob LaPerriere, Chairman.
  • Carvers of Carroll County” (Arkansas), by Abby Burnett and Vineta Wingate, Carroll County Historical Quarterly 53 (Sept. 2008): 22-26, 47.
  • Cemeteries,” on Wikipedia. (Includes many photographs of marble cemetery stones around the world.)
  • Cemetery Monument Designs Advertisement by The Monumental News, November 1895, pp. 717.
  • Cemetery Designs Advertisement by The Monumental News, November 1895, pp. 717

    Cemetery Designs Advertisement by The Monumental News,
    November 1895

  • Cemetery Monuments Made of Zinc, by Carol A. Grissom, Senior Objects Conservator, MCI, presented by the Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute.
  • Charles B. Canfield and His Work,” in The Monumental News, January 1896, pp. 24-25.

    Charles B. Canfield, proprietor of Batterson, Canfield, & Co. (Hartford, Conn.), & New England Monument Co., New York City (1896, The Monumental News) A part of the William Henry Gunther Monument, Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York, from "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896 The Chester A. Arthur memorial in the Albany Rural Cemetery, Albany, New York (1896, The Monumental News)

    Charles B. Canfield, proprietor of Batterson, Canfield, & Co. (Hartford, Conn.), & New England Monument Co., New York City (1896, The Monumental News)

    A part of the William Henry Gunther Monument, Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York, from "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896

    The Chester A. Arthur memorial in the Albany Rural Cemetery, Albany, New York (1896, The Monumental News)

    Monument in the article, "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896 The Goodrich obelisk in Rose Hill Cemetery, Chicago from "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896 A monument designed by Charles B. Canfield from "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896

    Monument in the article, "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896

    The Goodrich obelisk in Rose Hill Cemetery, Chicago from "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896

    A monument designed by Charles B. Canfield from "Charles B. Canfield and His Work," The Monumental News, Jan. 1896

    According to this article:  “The subject of this sketch, Mr. Charles B. Canfield, was born in Hartford, Connecticut… and his connection with the monumental business dates back from 1852, when he began as bookkeeper and salesman in an establishment in the city of his birth, in which he subsequently became a partner, under the firm name of Batterson, Canfield,  Co.

    “From those days up to present - when as proprietor of the New England Monument Co., New York City, he has become known to a wide circle of friends and business acquaintance, he has been a busy man, travelling unrecorded thousands of miles from east to west and from north to south of his own broad land, besides making several trips abroad….”

    “Passing to his work…no other designer has produced so many designs that have become…standard…Take for instance the ‘Probasco’ sarcophagus, the ‘Murphy’ and Wilshire’ obelisks, the ‘Ringold’ statue and pedestal, all in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio, and all dating back twenty-five years or more….”

  • “That Mr. Canfield has progress in his art, the same argument may be cited and applied to the ‘Goodrich’ obelisk, in Rose Hill Cemetery, Chicago….”

  • Charles Clements, Wholesale Granite Dealer – New Style Rock Work, 1890s, 372-378 Boylston Street, Boston, Massachusetts – 36 La Salle Street, Chicago, Illinois – Quarry, West Quincy, Mass. – Foreign Office, Aberdeen, Scotland.
  • Charles F. Earl & Co., American & Foreign Granites & Italian Statuary Monument Catalog, 339 Genesse St., Utica, New York (no date of publication)
Front cover of the Charles F. Earl & Co., American & Foreign Granites & Italian Statuary monumental catalog Display of dies & bases in the Charles F. Earl & Co., American & Foreign Granites & Italian Statuary monumental catalog Display of Monument No. 610 in the Charles F. Earl & Co., American & Foreign Granites & Italian Statuary monumental catalog

Front cover of the Charles F. Earl & Co., American & Foreign Granites & Italian Statuary
monumental catalog

Display of dies & bases in the Charles F. Earl & Co., American & Foreign Granites & Italian Statuary monumental catalog

Display of Monument No. 610 in the Charles F. Earl & Co., American & Foreign Granites & Italian Statuary monumental catalog

Front cover of the F. C. Eaton, Barre, Vermont, monumental catalog Inside front cover listing the companies whose monuments are included in this catalog

Front cover of the F. C. Eaton, Barre, Vermont, monumental catalog

Inside front cover listing the companies whose monuments are included in this catalog

Page from F. C. Eaton, Barre, VT, monumental catalog (early 1900s) Page from F. C. Eaton, Barre, VT, monumental catalog (early 1900s) Page from F. C. Eaton, Barre, VT, monumental catalog (early 1900s)

 

Three examples of the monuments presented in the F. C. Eaton, Barre, Vermont, monumental catalog

 

Front cover of F. Barnicoat Statuary and Monument Catalog, 1903 Monument in the F. Barnicoat Statuary and Monument Catalog, 1903 Statuary in the F. Barnicoat Statuary and Monument Catalog, 1903

Front cover of F. Barnicoat Statuary and Monument Catalog, 1903 (pdf)

One of the monuments presented in the F. Barnicoat Catalog (pdf)

Examples of statuary presented in the F. Barnicoat Catalog (pdf)

"Special Granite Designs in the Famous Pride of Elberton Granite, Design Book No. 16" (front cover- Georgia) One of the monuments in the "Special Granite Designs in the Famous Pride of Elberton Granite, Design Book No. 16" monument catalog - Georgia Price List for Special Granite Designs, No. 16-H (front cover - Georgia)

Special Granite Designs in the Famous Pride of Elberton Granite, Design Book No. 16 (front cover)

One of the monuments in the Special Granite Designs in the Famous Pride of Elberton Granite, Design Book No. 16 monument catalog

Price List for Special Granite Designs, No. 16-H (front cover)

Front cover of Georgia Beautifies: Catalog Number Twenty-two The Amtry cemetery monument in Georgia Beautifies: Catalog Number Twenty-two Airplane view of the present plant of The Georgia Marble Finishing Works (circa 1940s)

Front cover of Georgia Beautifies: Catalog Number Twenty-two

The Amtry cemetery monument in
Georgia Beautifies: Catalog Number Twenty-two (pp. 2)

Airplane view of the present plant of The Georgia Marble Finishing Works, with the Etowa River in background (pp. 40)

  • Granite,” on Wikipedia. (Includes a photograph of a granite cemetery stone.)
  • Granite Magazine, published by A. M. Hunt & Co., Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts.  (Available on Google Books)
  • The Granite Cutters’ Journal Magazine, Vol. 34, 1910, and Vol. 35, 1911 (with more to come) (available on Google Books – Full View Books.)
  • Granite, Marble & Bronze Magazine, published by A. M. Hunt & Co., Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts.  (Several issues of this magazine are available on Google Books – Full View Books.)
  • Granite Marble & Bronze MagazineMemorial Art, by Hugo Elliott, Cambridge, Granite, Marble & Bronze, Massachusetts, The Warren Publications Press, 1923.  (The following quotation is from the Forward in this book:  “The material contained in the following pages was first published in monthly installments in Granite Marble & Bronze….”) (Available on the Internet Archive)

  • Grave (Burial),” on Wikipedia.
  • Grave Markers,” on Wikimedia Commons (Contents: Gravestones: Columns, crosses, obelisks, grave stars; External tomb chests; Grave sculptures: Bronze grave sculptures, Church monuments, and Funerary monuments in Islamic mausoleums; Regionally specific grave markers: Grave lanterns, Gorintōs, Grave orbs, and Kopjafa; Other materials: Wooden grave markers, Metal grave markers (Iron and Bronze); Grave markers by country; and Grave markers by occupant.)
  • Gravestone & Cemetery Preservation Past, Present & Future
  • Gravestone Symbols
  • Graves, Tombs, and Cemeteries Photographs on Flickr
  • Graveyard,” on Wikipedia. (Information and photographs of graveyards around the world are included.)
  • A Greenland Cemetery,” by James D. Dewell, in The Monumental News, August 1895, pp. 492-493. (This article is about a cemetery at the harbor of Sukkertoppen (Sugar Loaf), Greenland, July 1894. “…a settlement of four hundred Esquimaux under the Danish flat, a race without a history of a nationality; a people of Asiatic cast, whose progenitors were probably from a warmer clime.”)
  • Greenland Cemetery, looking south, from “A Greenland Cemetery,” The Monumental News, August 1895 Greenland Cemetery, “Opening Graves,” from “A Greenland Cemetery,” The Monumental News, August 1895 “Lutheran Church,” from “A Greenland Cemetery,” The Monumental News, August 1895

    Greenland Cemetery, looking south, from “A Greenland Cemetery,” The Monumental News, August 1895

    Greenland Cemetery, “Opening Graves,” from “A Greenland Cemetery,” The Monumental News, August 1895

    “Lutheran Church,” from “A Greenland Cemetery,” The Monumental News, August 1895

  • Greenwood Cemetery,” by William Howe Downes (located in Brooklyn, New York), The Monumental News, Vol. 8, No. 1, January 1896, pp. 26-28.
  • Entrance to Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y. ("The Monumental News," Jan. 1896) One of the lakes in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y. ("The Monumental News," Jan. 1896) “Monuments in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn: Charlotte Canda, The Old Sea Captain, James Gordon Bennett.” ("The Monumental News," Jan. 1896)

    Entrance to Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y. (The Monumental News, Jan. 1896)

    One of the lakes in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y. (The Monumental News, Jan. 1896)

    “Monuments in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn:  Charlotte Canda, The Old Sea Captain, James Gordon Bennett.” (The Monumental News, Jan. 1896)

  • A Handbook of Ornament: With three hundred plates, containing about three thousand illustrations of the elements, and the application of decoration to objects, by Franz Sales Mever, First American Edition, New York: The Architectural Book Publishing Company, 1920s ?, 548 pp. (Contents: “Elements of Decoration,” The Geometrical Elements, Natural Forms, Artificial Objects; “Ornament Applied to Features,” “Decorated Objects,” Vases &c., Metal Objects, Furniture, Frames, Jewelry, Heraldry.) (This book is available for reading on the Internet Archive web site.)
  • Harrison Granite Company Clientele Catalog (& Monuments) (pdf), Harrison Granite Company, Established 1845, 200 Fifth Avenue, New York City, Quarries & Works:  Barre, Vermont, January 1, 1918, 24 pp.
Front & back covers of the Harrison Granite Co. Clientele & Monument Catalog, 1918 Title page of the Harrison Granite Co. Clientele & Monument Catalog, 1918 Letter from the Harrison Granite Co. to a customer dated June 1921

Front & back covers of the Harrison Granite Co. Clientele & Monument Catalog

Title page of the Harrison Granite Co. Clientele & Monument Catalog

Letter from the Harrison Granite Co. to a customer dated June 1921

Front cover of "Marble Statuary" Vermont Marble co. brochure Samples of religious statuary in "Marble Statuary" Vermont Marble co. brochure “Marble for the Church” & the Vermont Marble Company office and plant locations (pg. of brochure)

Front cover

Religious statues available from the Vermont Marble Co. Marble Statuary brochure

“Marble for the Church” & the Vermont Marble Company office and plant locations

Front cover of the “Medium Quincy Granite Monuments” catalog, Gray Rock Granite Co., successors to Elkhill & Bishop), circa early 1900s Photograph of the Reeves cemetery monument in the “Medium Quincy Granite Monuments” catalog (ca. early 1900s) Photograph of the McKay cemetery monument in the “Medium Quincy Granite Monuments” catalog (ca. early 1900s)

Front cover of the “Medium Quincy Granite Monuments” catalog, Gray Rock Granite Co., successors to Elkhill & Bishop), circa early 1900s

Photograph of the Reeves cemetery monument in the “Medium Quincy Granite Monuments” catalog

Photograph of the McKay cemetery monument in the “Medium Quincy Granite Monuments” catalog

  • Memorial Art, by Hugo Elliott, Cambridge, Granite, Marble & Bronze, Massachusetts, The Warren Publications Press, 1923.  (The following quotation is from the Forward in this book:  “The material contained in the following pages was first published in monthly installments in Granite Marble & Bronze….” magazine.) (Available on the Internet Archive)
  • Memorial Art, Ancient and Modern: Illustrations and Descriptions of the world’s most notable examples of cemetery memorials, by Harry Augustus Bliss, 1912, 240 pp. (available on Google Books & the Internet Archive) Following is the beginning of the Introduction section:  “The aim of this book is to share the development of memorials both ancient and modern; and, where possible, to trace back modern ideas concerning form, ornamentation, lettering, etc., to their classic source.  The book is designed especially as a textbook of suggestions and comparative illustrations for monument dealers and architects, but the illustrations are of general interest. They show that, although some of the world’s greatest structures were built by the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, to whom we owe much for our present-day memorials, nevertheless, modern monumental architects deserve the highest praise for the wonderful achievements made during late years in cemetery work.”
  • Memorial Stone, Information Circular 7720 (pdf), by Oliver Bowles, U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1955a. 6 pp., presented on this Stone Quarries and Beyond web site. (The excerpt below is from the “Introduction.”)
    “From the most remote periods of civilization stone has been used to perpetuate the memory of individuals or to immortalize their noble achievements. Ancient memorials ranged from simple piles of stone (cairns), or single markers, to great obelisks and pyramids or magnificent mausoleums. The Taj Mahal at Agra, India, built of white marble by Shah Jehan in memory of the Empress Mumtez Mahal, is one of the most beautiful and costly memorials ever built. It was erected between 1632 and 1650 at an estimated cost of $50,000,000 or more and is today an object of unusual interest for travelers. Other magnificent memorials both ancient and modern are to be found in many lands....”
  • Memorial Wings,” in The Monumental News, January 1895.
  • “Fig 1. Greek Sarcophogus” in “Memorial Wings,” ”The Monumental News,” Jan. 1895 “Fig. 2. Greek Tombstone” in “Memorial Wings,” ”The Monumental News,” Jan. 1895 “Fig. 4. Sepulchral Stela” in “Memorial Wings,” ”The Monumental News,” Jan. 1895

    “Fig 1.  Greek Sarcophagus”

    “Fig. 2.  Greek Tombstone”

    “Fig. 4.  Sepulchral Stela”

    “Sketch by Frank T. Robinson” in “Memorial Wings,” ”The Monumental News,” Jan. 1895 “Mir or Winged Disk” in “Memorial Wings,” ”The Monumental News,” Jan. 1895

    “Sketch by Frank T. Robinson”

    “Fig 3. Mir or Winged Disk”

  • Memorializing the Civil War Dead:  Modernity and Corruption under the Grant Administration” (pdf), by Bruce S. Elliott, in Markers XXVI, Association for Gravestone Studies, 2011, pp. 15-55.  (Reprinted with permission of the Association for Gravestone Studies.) 

    This article includes the historical need to mass produce the Civil War headstones rather than by individual stone carvers.  Contracts for the headstones and bases were given out to several different quarries and companies in Vermont, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Kansas, and Tennessee.  The need for large numbers of markers also increased the use of the sandblasting process to speed up carving the names on the stones.  Both mass production the sandblasting process caused great changes in the work of the stone carvers, which led to demands by the stone workers’ unions, such as the eight-hour work day.)

"Front cover of the Michaels Bronze Tablets" Catalog (circa 1932) No. 454 Bronze plaque in the "Michaels Bronze Tablets" catalog (circa 1932) The Standard tablet Letter Patterns chart in the "Michaels Bronze Tablets" catalog (circa 1932)

Front cover of the Michaels Bronze Tablets Catalog (circa 1932)

No. 454 Bronze Plaque

The Standard Tablet Letter Patterns Chart

  • Nick Miller (1846 – 1898),” by Abby Burnett, Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, updated 2009

    • “Nick Miller: Tombstone Carver Lies in Unmarked Grave,” by Abby Burnett, The Ozarks Mountaineer 57 (March/April 2009): 52-55.
  • The Millstone Industry:  A summary of research on quarries and producers in the United States, Europe and elsewhere,  by Charles D. Hockensmith, McFarland, Jun 7, 2009, 269 pp. (Portions of this book are available on Google eBook by clicking on “view sample.”)  (Chapters in this book include:  Early American Millstone Documents, Millstone Quarrying in the United States, Millstone Makers and Urban Factories, The Rise and Fall of the American Millstone Industry Producers Annual Values and Decline, Foreign Millstones Imported to America, The Millstone Quarrying Industry Outside the United States, Artificial Millstones, Tools Used in Making and Sharpening Millstones, Working Conditions and Hazards in the Millstone Industry, and Conclusion.)

    (Description from Google Books)  “Since prehistoric times, the process of cutting rock to make millstones has been one of the most important industries in the world.  The earliest rotary millstones, known as querns, were turned by human power.  Later, larger millstones were manufactured that required animal, water, or wind power to turn them.  These larger millstones required less human effort and ground greater quantities of grain, but also required regular maintenance and replacement.  As a result, millstone quarries increased greatly in number and size in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the largest quarry sites extending as far as nearly a half-mile square to about 12 square miles.  The first part of this book compiles information on the millstone industry in the United States, which dates between the mid-1600s and the mid-1900s. Primarily based on archival research and brief accounts published in geological and historical volumes, it focuses on conglomerate, granite, flint, quartzite, gneiss, and sandstone quarries in different regions and states.  The second part focuses on the millstone quarrying industry in Europe and other areas. Of the European millstone industry, the quarries of France, Germany, and Great Britain are most extensively documented, although the quarries of Albania, Austria, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland are also covered. The extensive bibliography provides scholars with many sources for future research.  The book includes 84 photographs, 16 tables, and a helpful glossary of specialized and technical terms.”

  • The Modern Cemetery AKA Park and Cemetery and Landscape Gardening, published by R. J. Haight, Publisher, Chicago, Illinois.  (Available on Google Books)
  • Modern Memorial Art Memorial Catalog, Some Examples Cut in Stony Creek, Milford Pink and Victoria White Granites (pdf), The Dodds Granite Company, Main Office:  Milford, Massachusetts, Quarries & Plants:  Milford, Massachusetts; Stony Creek, Connecticut; Keene, New Hampshire, New York City Office.
    “Modern Memorial Art  Memorial Catalog, Some Examples Cut in Stony Creek, Milford Pink and Victoria White Granites,” The Dodds Granite Company, Main Office:  Milford, Mass.
     
  • Modern Memorials in Marble, Illustrating designs for various monumental purposes with numerous examples of the use of marble in both ancient and modern times, Vermont Marble Company, Proctor, Vermont, designed, engraved, and printed in Bartlett Orr Press, New York, 1922.  (Includes price list for this 1922 monument catalog/book) 
  • Front cover of Modern Memorials in Marble, Vermont Marble Company, 1922 Campo Santo at Genoa, Italy – one of the largest and finest cemeteries in Italy, pp. 34 in Modern Memorials in Marble, Vermont Marble Co., 1922 The Hote Memorial, pp. 65 of Modern Memorials in Marble, Vermont Marble Co., 1922

    Front cover of Modern Memorials in Marble, Vermont Marble Company, 1922

    Campo Santo at Genoa, Italy – one of the largest and finest cemeteries in Italy, pp. 34 in Modern Memorials in Marble, Vermont Marble Co., 1922

    The Hote Memorial, pp. 65 of Modern Memorials in Marble, Vermont Marble Co., 1922

  • Montgomery Ward & Co. Monuments, Tombstones and Markers Catalog, 1929 (in pdf), presented on this Stone Quarries and Beyond web site.
  • The Monument and Cemetery Review (magazine) (pdf; 15+ MB): The Exponent of Art in the Monument Field, October, 1926, Vol. XII, No. 2.
  • The Monumental Bronze Co., Bridgeport, Connecticut, Catalog B (pdf), presented by the Association for Gravestone Studies.
  • The Monumental Cemetery of Milan” Italy, in The Monumental News, Vol. 7, #11, November 1895, pp. 680-682.
  • “Entrance to Monumental Cemetery, Milan, Italy,” in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895 “View in Monumental Cemetery, Milan” Italy, in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895

    “Entrance to Monumental Cemetery, Milan, Italy,” in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895

    “View in Monumental Cemetery, Milan” Italy, in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895

    “From a monument in Monumental Cemetery, Milan” Italy, in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895 “Monument in the Monumental Cemetery, Milan” Italy, in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895

    “From a monument in Monumental Cemetery, Milan” Italy, in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895

    “Monument in the Monumental Cemetery, Milan” Italy, in "The Monumental News," Nov. 1895

  • Monumental Estimates in Granite, compiled by the Victory Granite Company, Sauk Rapids, Minnesota, 1946.
  • Front & back covers of the booklet, "Monumental Estimates in Granite," by the Victory Granite Co. of Sauk Rapids, Minnesota pp. 78 in the booklet, "Monumental Estimates in Granite," showing concave-, convex-, serpentine-style monument size and prices pp. 80 & 81 in the booklet, "Monumental Estimates in Granite," showing crosses, and sandblast letters, raised letters, carving dies, & Carving Wedge and Hickey Marker sizes and prices

    Front & back covers of the booklet, "Monumental Estimates in Granite," by the Victory Granite Co. of Sauk Rapids, Minnesota

    pp. 78 in the booklet, "Monumental Estimates in Granite," showing concave-, convex-, serpentine-style monument size and prices

    pp. 80 & 81 in the booklet, "Monumental Estimates in Granite," showing crosses, and sandblast letters, raised letters, carving dies, & Carving Wedge and Hickey Marker sizes and prices

  • Monumental Magazines Available Online  (American Stone TradeGranite / Granite, Marble, & BronzeThe Modern Cemetery AKA Park and Cemetery and Landscape GardeningThe Reporter, Devoted to the Granite and Marble Monumental Trade; Stone:  An Illustrated MagazineThe Stone Cutter's Journal; etc.)
  • The Monumental News Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly Monumental Art Journal, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Monument Trade Builder, March-April, 1918, published by Barclay Brothers, Barre, Vermont, 16 pp.  (regarding monument construction and production)
“A Barclay Memorial with a pleasing arrangement of the headstone. Erected in New Jersey and sold through Barclay Bros.’ New York representative, George L. Mead.” (Herman & Wilhelmina Janssen) “A Barclay Memorial in Illinois. Sold through Barclay Bros.’ Chicago Office, Charles H. Gall, Manager.” (Settlemire) “A famous Barclay memorial cut from ‘Sunnyside’ Barre granite from the ‘Standard’ quarries.” (Reynolds)

A Barclay Memorial with a pleasing arrangement of the headstone. Erected in New Jersey and sold through Barclay Bros.’ New York representative, George L. Mead. (Herman & Wilhelmina Janssen)

A Barclay Memorial in Illinois. Sold through Barclay Bros.’ Chicago Office, Charles H. Gall, Manager. (Settlemire)

A famous Barclay memorial cut from ‘Sunnyside’ Barre granite from the ‘Standard’ quarries. (Reynolds)

Front cover of Monuments..For The Ages, Miller Monuments, Indiana “Symbols and Their Meaning” section of Monuments..For The Ages, Miller Monuments, Indiana One of the pages from Monuments.. For The Ages, Miller Monuments, Indiana

Front cover of Monuments..For The Ages

“Symbols and Their Meaning” section of Monuments..For The Ages

One of the pages from Monuments.. For The Ages

  • Monuments, Memorials & Tombstones, in the “Cemeteries & Funeral Homes” section of Cyndi’s List
  • Mortuary Trade Journals, presented by Jeremy W. Pye, Student of Mortuary Archeology and Funeral Behaviors.
  • Motor Truck in the Monument Business: What Retail Monument Dealers Think of the Efficiency of Motor Transportation for Memorial Work,” article in Granite Marble & Bronze, Vol. XXXI, No. 1, January 1921, pp. 32-33d, presented on this Stone Quarries and Beyond web site.
  • My Soul From Out This Shadow Shall Be Lifted Nevermore; Nick Miller, Tombstone Carver, 1846 – 1898,” by Abby Burnett, Carroll County Historical Quarterly 53 (June 2008): 17-22.
  • The New England Granite Works Catalog (pdf) Established in 1845, Chartered 1877  (no date of publication shown)  489 Fifth Avenue, New York City, New York; General Office, Westerly, Rhode Island; Quarries and Works:  Westerly, Rhode Island, and Concord, New Hampshire.
    "The New England Granite Works" catalog, Westerly, RI
     
  • “‘No Pompous Marble To Thy Name We Raise’: A.H. Morley and Family, Fayetteville Tombstone Carvers,” by Abby Burnett, Flashback, Journal of the Washington County Historical Society 58 (Fall 2008): 115-145.
  • Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York,” in The Monumental News, February 1896, pp. 126-127.
  • “Oakwood Chapel,” Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York (“The Monumental News,” Feb. 1896) “View in Neighborhood of Chapel” Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York (“The Monumental News,” Feb. 1896) “Dedication Valley” Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York (“The Monumental News,” Feb. 1896)

    “Oakwood Chapel,” Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York (“The Monumental News,” Feb. 1896)

    “View in Neighborhood of Chapel” Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York (“The Monumental News,” Feb. 1896)

    “Dedication Valley” Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York (“The Monumental News,” Feb. 1896)

  • Oglesby Blue Granite Mausoleum Catalog, Elberton, Georgia, 1937 (pdf)
  • Old City Cemetery web site where you can purchase Leeanna Rossi’s booklet: Headstones of the Gold Rush Era: Sculpting Masterpieces in Marble, Golden Notes Vol. 43, No. 3, Fall 1997, Sacramento County Historical Society. (This book is available at the Old City Cemetery in Sacramento web site. If you would like to call and order a copy, their address and phone number is: Old City Cemetery Committee, Inc., 1000 Broadway, Sacramento, CA 95818, (916) 448-0811.
  • Outlines of Historic Ornament, Translated from the Germany, Edited by Gilbert R. Redgrave, London: Chapman and Hall, 1884, 170 pp. (Section I. “Elementary Ornament” Northern and Central Europe & Northern and Central America; Section II. “Pre-Christian Ornament” The Egyptian Style, The Assyrio-Persian Style, The Indo-Chinese Style, The Greek Style, The Etruscan Style, and The Roman Style; Section III. “Early Christian Ornament” The Romano-Christian Style, The Byzantine Style; Section IV. “Mohammedan Ornament” The Arabian Style and The Arabian Style in Spain, Sicily, Egypt, Persia, India, and Turkey; Section V. “Medieval Ornament” The Romanesque Style, The Romanesque Style in Italy, France, England, Ireland, Germany, and Austria; The Gothic Style, The Gothic Style in France, the Netherlands, England, Germany, and Italy; Section VI. “Modern Ornament” The Style of the Renaissance and Baroque and Rococo Style.) (This book is available for reading on the Internet Archive web site.)
  • Park and Cemetery and Landscape Gardening Magazine (AKA The Modern Cemetery), published by R. J. Haight, Publisher, Chicago, Illinois.  (Available on Google Books)
  • Penryn, Placer County, Granite Quarry Photographic Tour.
  • Personality In Memorials, Marker Catalog No. 106, Comolli Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia (no date of publication)
Front page of "Personality in Memorials, Marker Catalog No. 106," Comolli Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia Page 2 of Personality Page 17 of Personality

Front page of Personality in Memorials, Marker Catalog No. 106, Comolli Granite Co., Elberton, Georgia

Page 2 of Personality

Page 17 of Personality

Front cover of "A Portfolio of Architectural Memorial Designs" Page 3 of "A Portfolio of Architectural Memorial Designs" Page 4 of "A Portfolio of Architectural Memorial Designs"

Front cover of A Portfolio of Architectural Memorial Designs

One of the pages in the brochure displaying cemetery monuments by Kenerson Design Studio

Back page of the brochure displaying cemetery monuments by Kenerson Design Studio

Title page of the Producers' Marble Co. Catalogs of 1886, '87, and '89 (Vermont) Cemetery stone in the Producers' Marble Co. Catalogs of 1886, '87, and '89 (Vermont) Cemetery stone in the Producers' Marble Co. Catalogs of 1886, '87, and '89 (Vermont)

Title page of the Producers’ Marble Co. Catalogs of 1886, ’87, and ’89 (Vermont)

One of the cemetery stones in the Producers’ Marble Co. Catalogs of 1886, ’87, and ’89 (Vermont)

One of the cemetery stones in the Producers’ Marble Co. Catalogs of 1886, ’87, and ’89 (Vermont)

  • Products of Tompkins-Kiel Marble Company Stone Catalog, Distributors of Marble – Stone, New York, circa 1890’s through 1915, 90 pp.
    Products of Tompkins-Kiel Marble Company Stone Catalog, circa 1915

    Products of Tompkins-Kiel Marble Company Stone Catalog, circa 1915

  • The Progress of the Monumental Business in a Century,” in The Monumental News, October 1894.
  • Quarry,” (definition, description, and photographs) on Wikipedia.
  • Raymond / Knowles Granite – Photographic tour of the area and some of its quarries.
  • Reflections of Change: Death and Cemeteries in the Boonslick Region of Missouri,” Maryellen Harshbarger McVicker.
  • The Reporter, Devoted to the Granite and Marble Monumental Trade (Magazine), published by Nichols & Co., Chicago, Illinois.  (Available on Google Books)
  • Retail Dealers Guide: A Reference Book for Placing Orders for Monumental Work and Rough Stock 1914 (1915, 1916, 1917, & 1918), A. M. Hunt Co., Boston, Mass.  (Vols. 7-11 in file:  1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, & 1918 are available in one file on Google Books)
  • Rock-Faced Monuments:  Illustrations and Descriptions of Some of the Best Examples of Rock-Faced Memorials, Edited and Arranged by Harry A. Bliss, Publisher, Press of the Monument and Cemetery Review, Buffalo, New York, 1919.  (Excerpt from the Forward:  “This book, Rock-Faced Monuments, is published with the purpose of supplying to the granite industry a practical volume illustrating some of the best work in rock-faced memorials.  It Is designed especially as a book of suggestions and comparative illustrations for monument dealers, designers and salesmen, but the illustrations are also of general interest….”)
  • Front cover of Rock-Faced Monuments, 1919 One of the monuments presented in Rock-Faced Monuments, 1919 One of the monuments presented in Rock-Faced Monuments, 1919

    Front cover of Rock-Faced Monuments, 1919

    One of the monuments presented in Rock-Faced Monuments, 1919

    Another monument presented in Rock-Faced Monuments, 1919

  • Rocklin, Placer County, Granite Quarry Photographic Tour.
  • “‘San Francisco Pioneer Cemeteries’: Where the Dead Live,” San Francisco Chronicle online edition, by Regan McMahon, Thursday, October 29, 2009.
  • Santa Cruz County Marble Quarries – Photographic Tours (4 listed at the end of the menu)
  • Sculptors, Monument Companies, and Iron Works,” compiled by Leeanna Rossi.
  • Sears, Roebuck & Co. – “History of the Sears Catalog section of the Sears Archives web site.
  • Sheet Metal Statuary,” in The Monumental News, Jan. 1896, pp. 62-63.  This article begins:  “As may be recognized by the accompanying illustration…sheet metal statuary is becoming a prominent feature in decorative work.  It is light, the methods employed in its construction are such that the model may be faithfully reproduced, and its strength and durability, are important factors in its adoption for such situations as it merits may suggest.  The well known firm of W. H. Mullins, of Salem, Ohio, has built up a large business in this class of work….”
  • “View of sheet metal statuary at W. H. Mullins Establishment, Salem, O.” ("The Monumental News, January 1896, pp. 63)

    “View of sheet metal statuary at W. H. Mullins Establishment, Salem, O.” (The Monumental News, January 1896, pp. 63)

  • Slate,” on Wikipedia. (Includes photographs of slate cemetery stones.)
  • Some Stone Carvers & Monument Companies That Produced the Yolo County Stones in the Late 1800’s to early 1900’s (Brochure by Peggy B. Perazzo in pdf)
  • Sources of Memorial Ornamentation (pdf), by Henry Powell Hopkins, A.M., B.Arch., A.I.A., Vermont Marble Company, Proctor, Vermont, printed by the Barta Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1924, 44 pp., presented on this Stone Quarries and Beyond web site.
  • Stained Glass in Monumental Work,” in The Monumental News, February 1896, pp. 118-119.

    “Window in Chapin Memorial Chapel, Hope Cemetery, Springfield, Mass.” (The Monumental News, February 1896, pp. 118)

    “Window in Chapin Memorial Chapel, Hope Cemetery, Springfield, Mass.” (The Monumental News, February 1896, pp. 118)

  • Sterling Granite Company Monumental Catalog – Book 12, Elberton, Georgia, No date of publication printed in booklet, possibly late 1930s.
  • Front cover of the Sterling Granite Company Monumental Catalog “Have your monumental work come from granite that is quarried out of the heart of this fine (Sterling Granite Co.) quarry.” “In Sterling-Blue and Genuine Sunset-Pink Granite Monuments you are assured of workmanship produced by highly skilled craftsmen of long experience.”

    Front cover of the Sterling Granite Company Monumental Catalog
    Book 12 (late 1930s?)

    “Have your monumental work come from granite that is quarried out of the heart of this fine (Sterling Granite Co.) quarry.”

    “In Sterling-Blue and Genuine Sunset-Pink Granite Monuments you are assured of workmanship produced by highly skilled craftsmen of long experience.”

    “Have your monument polished and be sure of this fine lasting finish so well adapted to Sterling-Blue and Genuine Sunset-Pink Granites” “‘Loveland’ Design No. 511,” with the Laurel leaf carving, symbolic of Reward and Victory. “‘Brockel’ Design No. 503,” with an “…artistic treatment of the Cross and Rose Vine carving, with a religious Significance symbolic of Faith, Atonement, Our Lord and the Church”

    “Have your monument polished and be sure of this fine lasting finish so well adapted to Sterling-Blue and Genuine Sunset-Pink Granites”

     

    “‘Loveland’ Design No. 511,” with the Laurel leaf carving, symbolic of Reward and Victory.

    “‘Brockel’ Design No. 503,” with an “…artistic treatment of the Cross and Rose Vine carving, with a religious Significance symbolic of Faith, Atonement, Our Lord and the Church”

     

  • Stone: An Illustrated Magazine, published by the D. H. Ranck Publishing Co., Indianapolis, Indiana. (Many issues of this old magazine from 1888 through (eventually) 1922 are available on Google Books in their Full View Books in which you can view images of the pages. You can find a list and links to the books in the list of all editions of Stone magazine listed on Google Books.)
  • The Stone Cutters’ Journal Magazine, Journeymen Stone Cutters’ Association of North America, Issued monthly at Indianapolis, Indiana.  Organized 1855.  Affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, Building Trades Department, Division Trades of Congress.  (Available on Google Books.)
  • The Stone Industries: Dimension Stone, Crushed Stone, Geology, Technology, Distribution, Utilization, by Oliver Bowles, Supervising Engineer, Building Materials Section, United States Bureau of Mines, 2nd ed., New York & London: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1939. (This book is available on the Internet Archive.)
  • Stories in Stone: A Field Guide To Cemetery Symbolism and Iconography, by Douglas Keister, Photographs by Douglas Keister, Gibbs Smith, 2004ISBN158685321X, 9781586853211288 (Book).
  • The Structural and Industrial Materials of California, Lewis E. Aubury, State Mineralogist, California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, 1906. (Available on Google Books.)
  • Symbols of Service Monumental Catalog & Price List, Vermont Marble Co., Proctor, Vermont, 1919. (A few of the images from the booklet are shown below.)
Front cover of "Symbols of Service," one of the monumental catalogs by the Vermont Marble Co., Proctor, Vermont “Grouped on this page are some of the more important emblems of the American Army.” ("Symbols of Service," Vermont Marble Co., 1919) Front page of the “Price List of the ‘Symbols of Service’ Designs” (Vermont Marble Co., 1919)

Front cover of Symbols of Service, one of the monumental catalogs by the Vermont Marble Co., Prctor, Vermont

“Grouped on this page are some of the more important emblems of the American Army.”

Front page of the “Price List of the ‘Symbols of Service’ Designs” (Vermont Marble Co., 1919)

Front cover of "Tombstones and Monuments:  Catalog of Memorial Art in Granite and Marble," Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906 Title page of “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906 The “Grave Lot Enclosures” section of “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906

Front cover of “Tombstones and Monuments: Catalog of Memorial Art in Granite and Marble,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906

Title page of “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906

The “Grave Lot Enclosures” section of “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906

Monument in “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906 Monument in “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906 Monument in “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906

 

Three of the monuments in “Tombstones and Monuments,” Sears, Roebuck & Co., Chicago, Illinois, First Edition, circa 1906

 

Wilson Memorial, Evergreen Cemetery, Colorado Springs, Colo. For the first city manager of Colorado Spring, 1940 Pillars Memorial, Garden of Memory, Fostoria, Ohio, 1940 Old Vermont Marble Headstones, 1940

Wilson Memorial, Evergreen Cemetery, Colorado Springs, Colo. For the first city manager of Colorado Spring.

 

Pillars Memorial, Garden of Memory, Fostoria, Ohio

Old Vermont Marble Headstones

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