The Arizona Stone and Building Industry in 1882
Mineral Resources of the United States, 1882
J. S. Powell, Director, Department of the Interior, United States
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1883.
Excerpts from the chapters on 1) "Structural Materials," and 2) "The Useful Minerals of the United States:
"The division of the Tenth Census charged with the collection of statistics of building stone obtained returns from 1,525 quarries in the United States, having an invested capital of $25,414,497, and producing during the year ending May 31, 1880, 115,380,133 cubic feet of stone, valued at $18,365,055. In value of total product, the leading States rank as follows: Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Massachusetts, Illinois, New York, Maine, and Connecticut; each of these States producing upwards of $1,000,000 worth of stone. Vermont, Illinois, Ohio, Iowa, Indiana, New York, and Missouri, in the order named, produce the most marble and limestone; Ohio, New York, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania, the greater part of the sandstone; Massachusetts and Maine quarry the most granite and other siliceous crystalline rocks; while Pennsylvania leads in product of slate."
Reported by Edward Stahl and D. B. Huntley.
Ores, minerals, and mineral substances of industrial importance, which are at present mined.1
Dolomite - Dolomite, magnesian limestone: (H.)
Ores, minerals, and mineral substances of industrial importance, and known occurrence, but which are not at present mined.
Alabaster: Superstition mountains, near Pueblo Viego, Pima county; near sulphur springs, in La Gija range and elsewhere.
Building stone: Of many kinds and of fine quality in great abundance. (S.)
Sandstone: Of excellent quality, in great abundance on Great Colorado plateau; also 2 ½ miles northwest of Prescott. (S.)
1 Ibid., page 760 footnote #2: Many of the minerals in this list occur at accidental accompaniments of regular ore minerals, or are mined for the gold, silver, copper, or lead contents.
2 (There is no note in this section indicating what the (H.) and (S.) stand for unless it is to indicate which of the two authors' names are to be referred to.)