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Home > Search > Site Map > Quarry Articles, Links and Books > Mineral Resources of USGS 1883 - 1931 > Mineral Resources of the US - Calendar Year 1904

Excerpts from

Mineral Resources of the United States - Calendar Year 1904

Charles D. Walcott, Director

Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey

Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1905.

Menu for Mineral Resources of the United States - Calendar Year 1904:

Title Page

Title Page


Introduction & Acknowledgments, by David T. Day, Chief of Division. (pp. 7-8)

Summary of the Mineral Production of the United States in 1904.  (9-36)

General Remarks. – 9

Structural Materials. – 14

Abrasive Materials. – 15-16

Stone (801-841)

Introduction – 801

Production – 802

Value of the different kinds of stone produced in the United States, 1895-1904. (table) – 803-805

Value of granite, sandstone, limestone, and marble used for various purposes in 1903 and 1904. (table) – 806

Value of crushed stone in the United States in 1903 and 1904. (table) – 807

Value of crushed stone produced in the United States in 1903 and 1904, by States. (table) – 808-809

Imports of stone into the United States in 1903 and 1904. (table) – 810

Exports of stone from the United states in 1903 and 1904. (table) – 810

Granite – 811

Value of granite produced in the United States in 1903 and 1904, by States and uses. (table) – 812-815

Value of granite produced in the United States, 1900-1904. (table) – 816

Value of trap rock produced in the United States in 1903 and 1904, by States and uses. (table) – 817

Number and value of paving blocks produced in 1904. (table) – 818

Sandstone – 819

Value of sandstone produced in the United States in 1903 and 1904, by States and uses. (table) – 820-823

Value of sandstone production in the United States, 1900-1904, by States. (table) – 824

Value and uses of bluestone produced in New York and Pennsylvania in 1903 and 1904. (table) – 825

Slate – 825

Value of roofing and mill slate produced in the United States in 1903 and 1904, by States. (table) – 826

Average annual price per square of roofing slate for the entire country. (table) – 827

Value of slate produced in the United States, 1900-1904. (table) – 827

Value per square January 1, 1905, of No. 1 slate free on board at quarry. (table) – 828

Exports – 829

Exports of slate from the United States, showing ports and customs districts from which and to which sent, in the fiscal years 1895-1904. (table) – 829-830

Marble – 831

Value of marble produced in the United States 1900-1904, by States. (table) – 831

Distribution and value of output of marble in 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, and 1904 among various uses. (table) – 832

Value of the marble produced, 1903 and 1904, by States and uses. (table) – 832-833

Limestone – 833

Value of the production of limestone in the United States in 1903 and 1904, by States and uses. (table) – 834-837

Value of limestone, 1900-1904, by States. (table) – 838

Production of blast-furnace flux in 1903 and 1904, by States. (table) – 839

Quantity and value of lime burned in the United States in 1904, by States. (table) – 840

Cement  (909-939)

Introduction – 909

Acknowledgements – 910

Total Production – 910

Portland Cement  (910-923)

Production – 910

Production of Portland cement in the United States in 1902, 1903, and 1904, by States. (table) – 911

Development of the Portland-cement industry in the United States since 1890. (table) – 912

The Portland Cement Industry, By States – 913

(The following states are described in this section:  Alabama, 913; Arkansas, 913; California, 913; Colorado, 913;  Illinois, 914; Indiana, 914; Kansas, 915; Kentucky, 915; Michigan, 916; Missouri, 917; New Jersey, 917; New York, 918; Ohio, 918; Pennsylvania, 919; South Dakota, 919; Texas, 920; Utah, 920; Virginia, 920; Washington, 920; and West Virginia, 920.)

Materials Used for Portland Cement – 920

Table showing materials used in making Portland cement in the United States in 1904. (table) – 921

Production of Portland cement in the United States, with yearly increase, 1895-1904. (table) – 921

Production of natural-rock cement in 1902, 1903, and 1904, by States. (table) – 923

Natural-Rock Cement – 922

Production – 922

The Natural-Rock Cement Industry, By States – 924

(The following states are described in this section:  Florida, 924; Georgia, 924; Illinois, 924; Indiana, 925; Kansas, 925; Kentucky, 925; Maryland, 926; Minnesota, 926; Nebraska, 926; New York, 926; North Dakota, 927; Ohio, 927; Pennsylvania, 928; Texas, 927; Virginia, 927; West Virginia, 927; and Wisconsin, 928.)

Cement Rock Quarrying and Mining - 928

Puzzolan or Slag Cement – 928

Production – 929

Production of slag cement in the United States in 1903 and 1904, by States. (table) – 929

(The following states are described in this section on page 930-931:  Alabama, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.)

Varieties in Blast-Furnace Slag Cements – 931

Analyses of cements. (table) – 931

Location of Cement Plants - 932

Imports and Exports (932-939)

Imports – 932

Imports of hydraulic cement into the United States in 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, and 1904, by countries. (table) – 933

Plate II.  Location of Cement Plants in United States – 932

Relation of Domestic Production and Consumption to Imports (Portland Cement)

Comparison of production of Portland and natural-rock cement in the United States with imports of hydraulic cement, 1890-1904 (table) – 933

Comparison of domestic production of Portland cement with consumption of al hydraulic cements, 1891, 1901-1904. (table) – 934

Exports – 934

Exports of domestic hydraulic cement, 1900-1904. (table) – 934

Production of Cement in Canada – 935

Cement in Foreign Countries – 935

Average Characteristics Tests of Cement in the United States, by L. L. Kimball – 939

Abrasive Materials, by Joseph Hyde Pratt

Introduction – 995

Value of abrasives produced in the United States during 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, and 1904. (table) – 996

Artificial abrasives produced in the United States during 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, and 1904. (table) – 997

Total value of all abrasive materials consumed in the United States, 1900-1904. (table) – 997

List of States producing abrasives in 1904 – 997

  1. Ohio:  Grindstones, pulpstones, oilstones, and scythestones.
  2. New York:  Millstones, infusorial earth, crystalline quartz, garnet, and emery.
  3. Michigan:  Grindstones.
  4. Arkansas:  Oilstones
  5. New Hampshire:  Scythestones and infusorial earth.
  6. Wisconsin:  Crystalline quartz.
  7. Missouri:  Grindstones and infusorial earth.
  8. Massachusetts:  Infusorial earth and emery.
  9. Pennsylvania:  Millstones, crystalline quartz, and garnet.
  10. Connecticut:  Crystalline quartz.
  11. Vermont:  Scythestones.
  12. Indiana:  Oilstones.
  13. North Carolina:  Millstones, garnet, and corundum.
  14. Virginia:  Millstones and infusorial earth.
  15. Maryland:  Infusorial earth.
  16. Montana:  Grindstones and corundum.
  17. Nebraska:  Pumice.
  18. California:  Infusorial earth.
  19. Florida:  Infusorial earth.
  20. Kentucky:  Oilstones and crystalline quartz.
  21. Kansas:  Emery.
  22. South Dakota:  Pumice.
  23. Wyoming:  Grindstones.
  24. West Virginia:  Grindstones.
  25. Georgia:  Infusorial earth.
  26. Minnesota:  Feldspar

Oilstones, whetstones, etc. – 998

Production – 998

Value of oilstones and whetstones produced in the United States, 1891-1904. (table) – 999

Production of oilstones and whetstones, 1880-1890. (table) – 999

Imports – 999

Imports of hones and whetstones, 1880-1904. (table) – 1000

Exports – 1000

Grindstones – 1000

Production – 1000

Value of the production of grindstones and pulpstones, 1901-1904.  (table) – 1001

Value of grindstones and pulpstones produced in the United states during 1903 and 1904, by States. (table) – 1001

Value of grindstones and pulpstones produced in the United States during 1902, by States. (table) – 1002

Value of grindstones produced in the United States, 1880-1904. (table) – 1002

Imports – 1002

Grindstones imported and entered for consumption in the United States, 1868-1904. (table) – 1003

Canadian Production – 1004

Buhrstones and Millstones – 1004

Production – 1004

Value of buhrstones produced in the United States in 1902, 1903, and 194, by States. (table) – 1004

Value of buhrstones produced in the United States, 1880-1904. (table) – 1005

Imports – 1005

Value of buhrstones and millstones imported into the United States, 1868-1904. (table) – 1005

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